The genome is the complete set of genes or genetic material in a cell or organism. Genomics is a branch of molecular biology concentrated on genomes. Genomic scientists study and analyze genetic systems using technology and mathematical modeling techniques. In agriculture, this research might include genotyping animals to better understand genetic variations, predicting the best type of crops to plant or finding ways to protect pollinator species like bees. They perform scientific experiments, analyze the data collected and develop solutions to problems using quantitative results.
What Responsibilities Will I Have?
- Collect, manage and study genomic data using computer software
- Conduct in-dept analysis of genomic profiles
- Crossbreed animals and crops to obtain new combinations of desirable characteristics
- Use genomics data to identify desirable traits
- Receive and prepare samples for analysis
- Collaborate with plant breeders to genotype samples at different stages of breeding
- Plan and execute experiments in research laboratories
- Identify and develop software tools for efficient data collection and for mining biological data
- Provide recommendations for breeders and farmers based on research collected
- Transform genomics data into information that can be used for the creation of higher yielding crops and pest control solutions
- Communicate results in the form of presentations and technical reports
- Maintain a safe and well-organized laboratory work area
- Perform statistical analysis, computer programming and computer modeling
- Ensure compliance with all existing safety standards
- Participate in research and development and translate any new techniques
- Evaluate potential risks of research activities
- Provide insight to government agencies for policy development
Recommended High School Courses:
- agricultural education
- animal science
- plant science
A master’s degree in genomics, bioinformatics, computational biology, biology, computer science, mathematics or a related field is required. However, some employers may require a doctoral degree.