Animal geneticists analyze the genetic makeup of animals to discover which genes cause them to behave certain ways. Geneticists may also study animal health to determine what causes animals to be immune to specific diseases or fail to thrive in certain environments. They find ways to improve selection decisions and develop approaches to accelerate genetic differentiation between different breeds. Additionally, they might assist in the mapping of genomes for various species and develop new ways to evaluate traits in animals.
What Responsibilities Will I Have?
- Provide insight into how methods and processes that support genetic evaluation can be improved
- Lead and coordinate research initiatives and summarize and communicate genetic trends for reports
- Continually review and communicate data input and output needs of the breeding programs
- Analyze phenotypes (physical characteristics) available from the global production system to understand what makes profits for customers
- Develop approaches to accelerate genetic differentiation between different breeds
- Compare the genetic makeup of one animal or species to another in order to determine how the gene affects reproduction or growth
- Assist in the mapping of genomes for various species
- Develop new ways to evaluate traits in animals
- Investigate disease resistance
- Crossbreed animals to obtain new combinations of desirable characteristics
- Conduct quantitative research around breeding program activities and processes
Recommended High School Courses:
- agricultural education
- computer skills
- public speaking
- focus on sciences such as animal science and biology
A bachelor’s degree in genetics or a related field such as animal science, biology, poultry science or dairy science followed by a master’s degree is required. Some roles may require a doctorate-level degree.