Geologists study the earth’s crust, minerals, rocks, precious metals, gems and fossils. They use various equipment such as magnetometers (instruments for measuring the strength and sometimes the direction of magnetic fields), seismographs (instruments that measure and record details of earthquakes) and gravimeters (instruments that measure Earth’s gravitational field) to prepare maps and charts, explore minerals, oils, and natural gas and locate underground water resources. They also work to ensure proper conservation of earth matter and work with other organizations to assist in the education, research and development of minerals, oils and natural gas.
What Responsibilities Will I Have?
- Study characteristics of the earth, rocks and minerals
- Study magnetic fields and composition
- Utilize magnetometers (instruments for measuring the strength and sometimes the direction of magnetic fields), seismographs (instruments that measure and record details of earthquakes) and gravimeters (instruments that measure Earth’s gravitational field)
- Prepare geological maps, charts and publications related to findings
- Plan and execute minerals program activities and tests
- Explore and recover minerals, metals, oil, natural gas and water deposits
- Investigate geologic hazards or limitations in projects
- Locate water resources underground
- Remain up to date on new geological findings and technology
- Work closely with mine operations, maintenance, technical services and other teams to complete tasks in various capacities
- Assist in mining operations including ventilation design, monitoring, measurement and ground control
Recommended High School Courses:
- agricultural education
- earth science
- natural resources
- advanced mathematics
- computer skills
A bachelor’s degree in geology, geosciences, geophysics or a related field is required.